Acute pain is a sudden pain that can be secondary to trauma, surgery or acute pathology. Acute pain is usually approached aggressively and quickly due to the severity of the pain. Diagnosis and treatment of acute pain depends on the cause. Pain from trauma depends on the mechanism of injury and the affected part. Injury can cause muscle sprain/strain, fracture, ligament pull and/or internal organ injury. Post surgical acute pain also approached differently.
Acute pain can be treated with anti-inflammatories, muscle relaxants (if muscles are involved) opioids, physical therapy, TENS unit, and durable medical equipment (braces, splints). Interventional procedure that can be used for this type of pain is trigger point injections, facet injections, epidurals, and/or nerve blocks.
The key in treating acute pain is to identify the stressor and remove it. Furthermore, another focus is to treat the pain quick to prevent it from becoming chronic.