Vertebral fractures can be very painful. They can be due to either trauma or from a pathological process invading the vertebral body such as cancer or infection. Vertebral fracture causes sever pain, described as a deep aching, nagging, pain that is localized over the affected vertebral body.
The diagnosis of vertebral fracture involves imaging of the spine with X-ray, CAT scan, bone scan and/or MRI. Treatment can be conservative with back brace, rest, pain medications or more invasive Vertebroplasty/kyphoplasty (injecting cement within the vertebral body) and/or surgery. Vertebroplasy/kyphoplasty can result into immediate and significant relief of the pain and stabilization of the vertebral body. If there is any residual pain after the vertebroplasty/kyphoplasty a nerve block and radiofrequency around that vertebral body can be done to get more pain relief.